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Título : A microsatellite study on the genetic distance between suri and huacaya phenotypes in peruvian alpaca (Vicugna pacos)
Autor : La Manna, Vincenzo
La Terza, Antonietta
Dharaneedharan, S.
Ghezzi, Silvia
Arumugam Saravanaperumal, S.
Apaza, Nolberto
Huanca Mamani, Teodosio
Bozzi, Riccardo
Renieri, Carlo
Fecha de publicación : ene-2012
Resumen : Two coat phenotypes exist in alpaca: the Huacaya and the Suri. The two coats have different textile characteristics and different prices on the market. Although present scientific knowledge suggests a simple genetic model of inheritance, there is a tendency to manage and consider the two phenotypes as two different breeds. A 14-microsatellite panel was used in this study to assess genetic distance between Suri and Huacaya alpacas in a sample of non-related animals from two phenotypically pure flocks at the Illpa-Puno experimental station in Quimsachata. Peru. The animals are part of a germplasm established approximately 20 years ago and have been bred separately according to their coat type since then. Genetic variability parameters were also calculated. The codominant data was statistically analysed using the software Genalex 6.3, Phylip 3.69 and Fstat 2.9.3.2. The sample was tested for Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (HWE) and after strict Bonferroni correction only one locus (LCA37) showed deviation from equilibrium (P<0.05). Linkage disequilibrium (LD) was also tested and 9 loci associations showed significant disequilibrium. Observed heterozygosis (Ho= 0.766; SE=0.044), expected heterozygosis (He=0.769; SE=0.033), number of alleles (Na=9.667, SE=0.772) and Fixation index (F=0.004; SE=0.036) are comparable to data from previous studies. Measures of genetic distance were 0.06 forNei’s and 0.03 for Cavalli-Sforza’s. The analysis of molecular variance reported no existing variance between populations. Considering the origin of the animals, their post domestication evolution and the reproductive practices in place, the results suggest that there is no genetic differentiation between the two populations for the studied loci.
Palabras clave : Genetic distance
Genetic diversity
Microsatellite
Vicugna pacos
Citación : La Manna, V. et al. (2011). A microsatellite study on the genetic distance between Suri and Huacaya phenotypes in Peruvian alpaca (Vicugna pacos) . In: Pérez-Cabal, M.Á., Gutiérrez, J.P., Cervantes, I., Alcalde, M.J. (eds) Fibre production in South American camelids and other fibre animals. Wageningen Academic Publishers, Wageningen. https://doi.org/10.3920/978-90-8686-727-1_2
Descripción : 9 páginas
URI : https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.3920/978-90-8686-727-1_20
https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12955/1959
metadata.dc.subject.ocde: https://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#4.04.02
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